Floaters are small, cloudy specks or particles of various shapes and sizes, threadlike strands or cobwebs within the vitreous, which is the clear, jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eyes. They are located on yhe inside of your eyes and as a result, they move as your eyes move and seem to dart away when you try to look at them directly. They often result from the deterioration of the vitreous fluid, due to aging; or from certain eye diseases or injuries.
Some floaters are not harmful and majority of the time, they do not decrease vision. However, these spots can be an indication of more serious problems, and you should visit Dr. Felton for a comprehensive eye examination when you notice sudden changes or see increases in them. By looking in your eyes with special instruments, Dr. Felton can examine the health of your eyes and determine if what you are seeing is harmless or the symptom of a more serious problem that requires treatment.
A retinal detachment is considered an ocular emergency that requires immediate medical attention and treatment by a retinal surgeon.
Detachments occur when there is unusual pulling on the retina by the vitreous gel in the back of the eye. Over many years, the vitreous gradually becomes thinner and more likely to separate from the retina. This is known as a posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) and is not necessarily associated with a retinal detachment. Fortunately, retinal detachments do not occur frequently, but when they happen, immediate attention is required. It is most common in middle age and the elderly, and associated with people who are very nearsighted or who have undergone eye surgery or have had a serious eye injury. There are also types of retinal detachments that occur when fluid collects underneath the layers of the retina. Most often the symptoms that occur are “watery” vision, light flashes, massive floaters and sudden loss of vision.
Successful treatment will depend on the extent, location and cause of the detachment. The most important thing to remember is the seriousness of the situation and the need to treat it as an emergency. So, if you notice a sudden change in your vision, please visit Dr. Felton for an evaluation right away.